US Army Corps of Engineers
St. Paul District Website


Mississippi River Locks and Dams 2–10 Miter Gate Replacements

Published Sept. 25, 2017
Updated: Sept. 18, 2019

In order to allow watercraft to pass through stretches of river of various depths, Congress authorized a series of locks and dams along the Mississippi River. An integral part of those locks are miter gates.

Miter gates are comprised of two leaves that provide a closure at one end of a lock at a “miter” or angle. Each lock has a set upstream and downstream. In addition to other systems, these gates allow water levels within the lock to go up and down.

Locks and Dams 2 through 10 have used the same miter gates since their construction in the 1930s. Over time, the gates have been damaged and distressed, which has led to serviceability and safety issues. This project will replace the gates, increasing navigational longevity and operational readiness while decreasing repair costs and downtime due to maintenance or failure.


Two U.S. Army Corps of Engineers districts — St. Paul (MVP) and Rock Island (MVR) — have been working collaborative on the design of new miter gates for the Upper Mississippi Navigation projects. Each gate has different design requirements due to differences in height and weight and site conditions.

The Lock and Dam 2 miter gates were awarded in fiscal year 2015, and fabrication was completed in 2017. Pending resolution of site specific anchorage and installation challenges, MVP plans to install the gates in 2021.

In fall 2018, the Corps awarded a fabrication contract for gates at Locks and Dams 5A, 8 and 10. Fabrication of these gates began in fiscal year 2019 with installations planned for fiscal years 2021, 2022 and 2023 (Locks 8, 5A and 10, respectively).

Additional future projects will be scheduled when funding is available.


Congress authorized the Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Navigation Project as part of the Rivers and Harbors Act approved July 3, 1930.


Miter gate replacement design and construction at the locks and dams are accomplished with 100 percent federal funds. Total work is estimated at $16.2 million.

Through fiscal year 2019:

Design at 5A, 8 and 10                           $1.2 million
Construction at 5A, 8, and 10              $15.0 million